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History taxis

07.11.2016

History taxis

Today, a taxi is so popular, that without him is hard to imagine everyday life of residents the average city. Just think: to the station or to the airport, even with large bags can be reached within a few minutes, but still comfortably! It is difficult to imagine how in the 16th century, people lived without the private carting to order at least within the city. Why with the 16th? After all, in the 17 century began to appear first in the taxi world. You do not know where to begin development of one of the most popular modern carting? Then this article — for you!

The world’s first taxis

The world’s first taxi — this is a common carriage with horses. It had four wheels and absolutely no facilities. In secular women and wealthy families would have to be somewhat own crews, which would take them to any place in your city or even for his limits. Only the rich over the truck has always been a special canopy and built an entire carriage. However, at the time of the private taxi driver and could be no question that those who could afford a coach, to buy their own, and urban poor could not afford it. And where they were to go, if then the whole life was centered near his home.

Perhaps some enterprising coachmen in expensive homes trying to make money, driving up citizens or foreigners, however, no information on such a business as a full private It was received carting. Therefore, we will not speculate, and explore the development of the most well-known throughout the the world of taxi services — English and French cab cabs. Who invented them, and from what date started their development?

English cabs

The English cabs today are a symbol of London and the whole England. They have shiny black body, familiar to millions of residents of cities around the world recognizable checkered. The date of their appearance is also known — it was in 1639. It was then that the British capital got cabs a license from the local authorities on the private carting citizens.

Car of the time was rather peculiar: it was a cart with horses. Since the 17th century, London taxis was the standard trolley on four wheels, drawn by two horses. Some cab drivers tried to carry on a mare, but precisely such a license was not given. Only in the early 19th century, the drivers had the idea to optimize carting by making carts with two wheels instead of four. It was in the early 19th century there was the world’s classic London cab on two wheels. Many tourists who come to the UK for local color, and want to see a culture that many owners of taxi companies offer travel fun and at such archaic form of transport.

Some of the taxi service in London have upgraded their cars, but while maintaining their classic look. Body car looks in vintage style, he invariably black and surprises with its gloss. But under the hood lurks a modern filling and engine, so in this cab is comfortable and modern passenger.

French fiacres

Historically, the first view of the European steel French fiacres taxi. Equally interesting the name is not associated with the name of the one who came up with such a fleet, and on the location of its location.

Entrepreneur by surname Sauvage decided to arrange her inn fleet (with the coach horses) in the early 17th century. There were carts near the church of Saint Fiacre. identification sign such a central vehicle fleet was a picture of St. Fiacre. Therefore, local residents to cut down the name, called such carts loud and just — fiacres.

By the end of the 19th century in Paris instead of wagons with horses began to appear the first complete cars on a petrol engine. If earlier the passenger carriages with horses already learned the price after the route has been completed, but now the amount specified in advance. The appearance of the phone It made the car much easier challenge. Already in the early 20th century in France was invented the world’s first counter- taximeter, who made a trip to the vintage taxi even more approximate to modern cars.

Modern taxi

What distinguishes modern taxi? The development of this type of urban trasnporta already gone far fromMr Sauvage ideas, which at the time came up with the first European horse fleet.

Modern taxi — it is:

  1. Have a taximeter. In 1905, invented a special counter for a car that I could count on the eyes of the passenger fare. All self-respecting European service Taxi installed in their own cars such. So customers do not complain too high tariffs, which are often artificially overstatement by the drivers. also on meter passenger once in the course of the trip saw the exact total cost and on every expense new kilometer.
  2. Special cars. One of the first group Renault invented the production of specialvehicles for urban transport. Their identification mark was the body color — red and green. On such small drivers of Renault in France until the end of the 20th century were transported to within the city limits of its passengers. And today, some taxi companies offer a ride on these retro cars.
  3. Checkers. It is for this symbol can be distinguished from a car to order even in normal other country. Coined badge was by Checker Motors, which linked him with his the name and with the maneuverability and speed of driving cars to order.


As you can see, many of our usual urban transport has a rich history of several centuries. Today’s inhabitants of the metropolis only remains to thank the technical progress of the the possibility of comfortable travel in today’s cars, not on a horse carriage!

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